Lloyd Constantine is the Founder and a partner of Constantine Cannon (C|C), specializing in antitrust litigation. Lloyd founded the firm, originally called Constantine & Partners in 1994, and was its Chairman and Managing Partner from inception until 2007, when he became Senior Policy Advisor for New York’s governor.
Lloyd is one of the nation’s leading antitrust litigators and authorities on competition policy. He was lead counsel for the plaintiffs in the landmark Visa Check/MasterMoney Antitrust Litigation, which resulted in a $3.4 billion monetary payment and an injunction valued at upwards of $87 billion in benefit for U.S. merchants and consumers, which the district and circuit courts states was [and is] the largest antitrust settlement in history.
Lloyd has litigated at all levels of the federal and state courts, including oral argument before the United States Supreme Court. He has been lead or co-lead counsel in many complex private antitrust and multiple state actions, including the Panasonic Antitrust Litigation (49 States); Liberty Cable v. Time Warner; the Minolta Antitrust Litigation (37 States); Kesmai v. AOL; States v. Visa and MasterCard (15 states); States v. Mitsubishi (50 States); Primestar I (44 States); Discover v. Visa and MasterCard; and Ortho Biotech v. Amgen.
Lloyd has testified many times before Congress on antitrust, international trade and nominations to the United States Supreme Court. He has also served as an expert on U.S. competition law and economics in Australian and Canadian antitrust cases and as consultant on antitrust law to a federal district court in Hatch-Waxman “reverse-payment” antitrust litigation.
In 2007-2008, Lloyd was Senior Policy Advisor to the Governor of New York. He directed the administration’s initiatives in the areas of Higher Education, Local Government Consolidation, Public Authority Reform and legal representation for low income New Yorkers. He also served on New York’s Executive Clemency Committee.
During his tenure as the Assistant Attorney General in Charge of Antitrust for New York State (1980-1991), Lloyd served as Chair of the Antitrust Task Force of the National Association of Attorneys General (1985-1989) and authored NAAG’s “Merger Guidelines,” “Vertical Restraints Guidelines” and Multistate Information Sharing Compact. He was the States’ first representative on the FTC-DOJ-States Executive Working Group for Antitrust. For this work, establishing the modern regime of multi-state enforcement, Lloyd was honored with the American Antitrust Institute’s Career Achievement Award in 2004.
Lloyd spent the first decade of his career in the Legal Services program, representing clients in civil rights and civil liberties cases and was a member of McDermott, Will & Emery prior to founding Constantine & Partners (now C|C) in 1994.
Lloyd taught Antitrust Law at Fordham University School of Law for seven years, taught Constitutional Law and First Amendment Law and Policy at SUNY New Paltz in 2016-17 and will teach his First Amendment course at Williams College in 2019.
Lloyd served on the boards of the U.S. Department of Energy’s Brookhaven National Laboratory and the Jacob K. Javits (New York State) Convention Center. He was a Council Member of the ABA Section of Antitrust Law and Chair of its Sherman Act Section 2 Committee (monopolization) and served as Chair of the New York State Bar Association Antitrust Law Section. He also served on the advisory boards of BNA Antitrust and Trade Regulation Report and the Institute for Consumer Antitrust Studies. He currently serves on the advisory board of the American Antitrust Institute.
As a writer, Lloyd has contributed to numerous newspapers and publications, including The New York Times and Bloomberg Businessweek, and is a regular contributor of legal, political and social commentary to Hearst’s Albany Times Union. He is the author of two books: PRICELESS: The Case That Brought Down The Visa/MasterCard Bank Cartel (Kaplan, 2009; Skyhorse, 2012), and JOURNAL OF THE PLAGUE YEAR: Eliot Spitzer’s Short And Tragic Reign (Kaplan, 2010; Skyhorse, 2012). The blog “Hopelessly Liberal” featuring Lloyd’s legal, political and social commentary is available at www.Lloydconstantine.com
Lloyd received his undergraduate degree from Williams College, his J.D. from Columbia Law and was an exchange student at Howard University while matriculated at Williams.
Lloyd is married to Jan Friedman Constantine, a nationally recognized expert on copyright and first amendment law, a member of Constantine Cannon and an accomplished cabaret performer. They have three children – Isaac, a writer of literary fiction (Jeremiah’s Ghost, MP Publishing, 2015); Sarah, a clinical psychologist; and Elizabeth, a television producer (House Hunters International, The Dr. Oz Show and The Gale King Show, and The Colbert Report).