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This year’s AAI Invitational Symposium, A MULTIDISCIPLINARY EXAMINATION OF EFFICIENCY, will highlight cutting-edge thinking and developments concerning antitrust approaches to efficiencies. The program is motivated by the growing tension surrounding efficiencies created by market concentration in key sectors and areas such as airlines, food, media, and distribution. The discussion will frame key questions about the role that efficiencies have come to play in antitrust analysis and focus on how enforcement may increasingly be confronted with the “inefficiencies” of consolidation, vertical restraints, and other forms of strategic competitive conduct.
The shifting landscape in many important sectors of the economy highlights the generation- old focus of antitrust on balancing efficiencies against anticompetitive effects. Claims of efficiencies have expanded beyond traditional economies of scale, scope, and coordination to include various and wide-ranging organizational and managerial efficiencies. At the same time, post-mortems of mergers that have produced adverse effects for competition and consumers are leading to intensified scrutiny of ex ante claims of efficiencies. Skepticism of efficiency-based justifications for vertical restraints (e.g., avoidance of free-riding externalities) has also increased. The extent to which competitive harm in some markets might be offset by benefits elsewhere (i.e., out-of-market efficiencies) is also being increasingly discussed by antitrust enforcers.
The June 18 Invitational Symposium will adopt a multidisciplinary approach to evaluate efficiencies in the antitrust context. The morning panel will begin the dialog on efficiencies and inefficiencies, with an assessment of economic approaches and contexts. As the day progresses, discussion will incorporate perspectives from other important disciplines, including marketing and strategic management. The day will conclude with an unpacking of the issues in an antitrust enforcement context and a roundtable discussion of major themes and implications.
The symposium will be of special interest to scholars, consultants, and practitioners from antitrust and economics, as well as interested members from related fields (e.g., business, strategic management, marketing, etc.). The symposium will also serve as a warm-up for the AAI’s national conference on the following day, this year titled “The Inefficiencies of Efficiency.”
Diana L. Moss, Vice President, American Antitrust Institute
EFFICIENCIES AND COMPETITION ANALYSIS - THE TRADITIONAL ECONOMICS APPROACH
Dennis W. Carlton, David McDaniel Keller Professor of Economics, University of Chicago, Booth School of Business
John E. Kwoka, Neal F. Finnegan Distinguished Professor, Department of Economics, Northeastern University
Gregory L. Rosston, Deputy Director, Stanford Institute for Economic Policy Research and Co-Director, Public Policy, Stanford University
MULTIDISCIPLINARY INSIGHTS – ALTERNATIVE PERSPECTIVES ON EFFICIENCIES:
Melissa A. Schilling, Professor of Management and Organizations, New York University, Stern School of Business
Norman Hawker, Professor of Law, Haworth College of Business, Western Michigan University
CB Bhattacharya, E.ON Chair Professor in Corporate Responsibility, ESMT European School of Management and Technology
EFFICIENCIES AND ANTITRUST ENFORCEMENT - UNPACKING THE DEBATE
James A. Donahue III, Chief Deputy Attorney General, Pennsylvania Office of the Attorney General
J. Robert Kramer II, General Counsel, Antitrust Division, U.S. Department of Justice
Ben Van Rompuy, Senior Researcher and Consultant, International and European Sports Law, T.M.C. Asser Instituut (The Hague)